The Latvian Institute of International Affairs, in co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia and the NATO Public Diplomacy Division, on November 30, held a high-level conference: "NATO's OUTLOOK TOWARDS 2030 AND BEYOND" which served as Riga Security Forum 2021 concluding high-level discussions.
Event agenda, please see here.
The publication "Deterrence Through Adaptation: The Case Study of Latvia" offers a collection of articles that reflect on topical security issues of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Authors from Latvia discuss transforming regional security policies, indicating risks and opportunities for the deterrence posture of the Alliance from the perspective of several dimensions. The authors also provide realities and recommendations towards the #NATO2030 adaptation process. Particular attention is devoted to the transatlantic collective defence, nuclear policy, cyberspace, strategic communication, space, resilience, and the role of other emerging elements and actors. Issues beyond traditional national security challenges are also addressed.
This publication is co-sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
The final discussion of the Riga Security Forum 2021 podcast sessions has arrived, which this year is divided into two high-level conversations: "Transatlantic Security and Deterrence."
For the first part of the discussion, Mārtiņš Vargulis transatlantic security issues from the NATO perspective will discuss with Baiba Braže, NATO's Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy.
The conversation is available from November 29!
Riga is "half of Latvia" in terms of population, housing and transport density. It also means significant energy consumption and environmental impact. Why is it essential to think about climate and energy issues in the context of metropolis?
What is Riga's potential for reducing energy consumption, and how do we manage to keep pace with other major European cities? In the exclusive episode of the Riga Security Forum 2021, we will talk to Mārtiņš Staķis, Mayor of Riga!
The conversation will be published on November 26!
The Latvian Institute of International Affairs in co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia and the NATO Public Diplomacy Division, invites you to the high-level public conference "NATO's OUTLOOK TOWARDS 2030 AND BEYOND". The event will take place on November 30 at the conference center "Fantadroms," Gustava Zemgala gatve 74a, Riga.
The conference will address the process launched at the NATO Foreign Ministers' Meeting in Riga to develop the new Strategic Concept for the Alliance. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia Edgars Rinkēvičs will open the conference, and the NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg will address the audience with a keynote speech. The first part of the event will be devoted to the panel discussions among the Foreign Ministers of NATO member and partner countries. The second part will focus on questions related to the Alliance's challenges, changes in the international security environment, and NATO's partnership policy.
By organizing the conference "NATO's OUTLOOK TOWARDS 2030 AND BEYOND" the LIIA in close collaboration with its partners continuous contributing to the development of an excellent, high-level platform for exchanging views on security policy topicalities promoting mutual understanding and dialogue between policy makers and practitioners, think tanks, academia, youth, and the general public. The conference will also conclude the annual podcast sessions of the Riga Security Forum 2021, which from October to the end of November, reflects on different security environment-related issues.
The conference will be live-streamed online on the websites of the Latvian Institute of International Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia and other international platforms. Further information will follow on the social media accounts of the Latvian Institute of International Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia.
The Latvian Institute of International Affairs invites representatives of the mass media to apply for accreditation for working at the venue. Applicants are kindly asked to fill in the mandatory form https://ej.uz/NATOs_OUTLOOK_30-11. Applications will be accepted until November 26.
For additional questions and inquiries, please contact the Latvian Institute of International Affairs by phone: +371 29231376 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
In the latest episode of the Riga Security Forum, we will discuss various security perspectives in the age of great powers. The freshest episode to your attention will be available tomorrow!
The times are gone when the Internet was an idealistic space where engagement was free from strict governmental oversight and negative side-effects of commercialization. Over the last two decades or so, the technological development has been immense – from personal computers with no internet connection at all or with dial-up or similar ones, towards a web of countless wirelessly interconnected devices indispensable to modern societies.
This episode addresses two broad worrying trends. One is the increased fragmentation of cyberspace, primarily driven by autocracies. China is the best example with its so-called great firewall, behind which almost no western media and social networks are allowed while censorship in the domestic ones is rife. This is not only about China but also about the export of its cyber governance model, as well as surveillance technologies and standards. The future of cyberspace will be primarily shaped by two technological superpowers – the United States and China, as well as their like-minded peers.
The second issue addressed in the episode is the dilemmas of the West, namely the side-effects of the commercialization – disinformation, the spread of hatred, addiction, exaggerated partisanship, etc. Governments are increasingly concerned about how to strike the right balance between individual liberties and common interests. Social media giants and other tech companies come forth with their own rules as they essentially become rule-setters and enforcers. While the European Union lags in terms of domestic tech giants, its market size and buying power give it a considerable say on rules over services provided in the EU and also beyond.
Watch the next Riga Security Forum 2021 episode: "Climate and energy security: choosing sustainable ways to make the best of it" tomorrow, November 2!
Moderator, Reinis Āboltiņš, Energy expert, Ph.D. researcher, RTU.
Despite the momentum that the concept of gender security has gained internationally through this celebration, stakeholders on the ground remain disappointed with the progress made by the resolution. Among the most critical reasons for the failure of implementation of the agenda: the lack of funds, lack of monitoring and accountability, and lack of coordination of WPS across government bodies, as well as civil society, which plagues both countries actively promoting the agenda (but living in relative conditions of peace) and countries actively combatting violent conflict. The reasons for the slow progress of the WPS agenda are not isolated to governmental factors. The awareness of broader populations is bounded by the absence of knowledge of the importance of inclusive peace processes. There is a limited understanding of WPS as a means to ensure sustainable peace for all. The importance of WPS for men gradually becomes recognized, as women cannot take the responsibility of tackling traditional norms and the marginalization of women alone.
However, the present times also indicate that the WPS agenda itself must become more responsive to the various challenges plaguing the globe. It is largely because of these reasons that the WPS should strive to incorporate more progressive elements into it and overcome the bounds of its mandate. In fact, kept as it is, the WPS will soon be limited to only certain settings which denote "traditional conflict," which is becoming irrelevant in a world where new threats are emerging every day.
One task for the near future is to mainstream fighting climate change-related concerns in the WPS agenda. The understanding of the WPS is intrinsically linked to the concept of human security, which considers our food security, livelihoods, health, and access to wared and shelter as main components of security. Therefore, it is impossible to separate the overarching aim for conditions where people of all genders are treated equally from the socio-economic dimensions that pertain so closely to the fight for maintaining ecology and against climate change. Climate change brings about displacement and an increasingly unjust repartition of resources, which eventually threatens to change our very understanding of peacebuilding and post-conflict normalization processes. And this means that fighting climate change must be done in a gender-responsive way too, as both approaches envision to change society in a way to ensures a lasting adaptation of mindset and practice to the fast-evolving global context.
A clear stress signal is the onset of the global pandemic, inseparable from ecological challenges, creating unprecedented conditions for women's participation in the labor market. The GNWP database shows that Covid-19 underlines the need to build a more just, peaceful, and equitable society. The database documents the various issues affecting women in conflict zones, including increased gender-based violence, increased gender divide (in the labor market, digital, pay), to name only a few factors. Therefore, it is highly relevant that the international and national approaches to WPS factor in the unequal conditions set out by the global pandemic.
Another well know stress factor is migration flows, seeking shelter in more stable regions of the world. The agenda largely scratches the surface of the changes it could bring to the table if it would find ways to incorporate the voices of conflict-affected women fleeing violence. Whereas the WPS includes provisions pertaining to refugees, often, conflict-affected women remain on the periphery of this agenda. This is largely because as soon as the women in question get transferred to zones free of conflict, they are excluded from the outreach of the WPS agenda. This would require a systematic approach of countries that would address the vulnerability of such women, incorporating the provisions of WPS in their national asylum and migration frameworks. However, this would also mean that the UNSC's permanent and rotating members have a special role in ensuring that the matter is raised to sufficient light.
In the near future, the WPS agenda will need to ensure that it stays relevant in the ever-changing security conditions of the globe. These conditions are likely to affect women and minorities more unfavorably. WPS will need to make a convincing case to include women even when the systemic challenges attempt to push them out of the public sphere, back into the private. In this way, the subject will no longer be trivialized as pertaining only to "women's needs" and become a viable tool in the hands of national governments to achieve sustainable, lasting change.
Elizabete Vizgunova, Associate Researcher at the LIIA
The main challenges in this area we will discuss during the next Riga Security Forum 2021 podcast session, which for your attention, will be available on October 26.
The Riga Security Forum 2021 podcast sessions second conversation: "Societal Security: Diversity and Intergenerational Perspectives," both in English and Latvian from October 12 is available on the Forum's website, our social media accounts, as well as on the "Apple" and "Spotify" podcast platforms!
The most remarkable season of the year has arrived. Why, you ask? Because of the Riga Security Forum 2021!
As the world is changing, we are also adopting new methods to keep the security debate alive. And alongside this beautiful autumn season, the Riga Security forum 2021 and its podcast sessions have arrived.
Building on the experience of two successfully completed events, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs, together with its project partners, is continuing to expand the format by developing high-level discussions under the title "Riga Security Forum 2021". The project aims to gather key international policymakers, industry leaders, as well as military and civilian experts to discuss the events, trends, opportunities, and challenges that lie ahead for the international community.
Every week, from October until December, we will provide you with a brand new podcast session in audio and video format, both in English and in Latvian.
The podcast session content will be divided into two levels: the so-called "traditional" or "conventional" security dimension and "unconventional" or "new" security challenges. We will mark the end of the podcast sessions on November 30 with high-level face-to-face closing discussions in Riga, Latvia.
Dear friends, get ready! Update your podcast apps, connect to the most powerful internet in town and follow the latest updates!
There will be many surprises this season!
Listen to our podcasts on our social media accounts, YouTube, Spotify, and Apple Podcast platforms.